Germany risks reputation with climate goals failure

Germany is jeopardizing its reputation as a global leader on climate action by missing its own 2020 greenhouse gas emissions-reduction target, a leading think tank says. Outcome of upcoming elections will be decisive.

Germany is on course to spectacularly miss its 2020 climate target, according to a new study by think thank Agora Energiewende.

Nature and Environment | 01.09.2017

Germany has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent by 2020 compared to 1990 levels. But Agora calculates that without drastic new measures, the country will be looking at a reduction of just 30 and 31 percent.

The think tank said Germany was jeopardizing its reputation as a leader in the global fight against climate change.

Playing into Trump's hands

"Failure of the 2020 climate target won't just damage the climate but also Germany's international role," Agora director Patrick Graichen said in a press release.

Nature and Environment | 27.08.2017
G7-Gipfel - Trump und Merkel

With the US out to lunch on climate action, Germany is seen as the global leader

Germany helped broker the Paris Climate Agreement, and used its leadership of the Group of 20 this year - and of the Group of 7 in 2015 - to press for commitments from other major economies to reduce emissions. Executive head of state Angela Merkel has been dubbed the "climate chancellor."

But domestic efforts have fallen short, scientists and environmentalists say.

Graichen said US President Donald Trump, who found himself isolated at the G20 summit in June over his resistance to climate protection measures, would "be glad to rub our noses in" Germany's failure.

New government must act

"Just 30 instead of 40 percent less CO2 is not just a bit off target - it's a spectacular miss of the 2020 goal," Graichen said. 

To get back on track, Agora is calling for Germany to adopt an emergency "Climate Protection 2020" program as quickly as possible after the federal election this month.

The think tank said the new government must act quickly to put new measures into practice in the first half of 2018, if Germany is to have any chance of meeting the 2020 deadline.

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Deutschland | Proteste gegen den Abbau von Braunkohle

Coal? No thanks! Environmentalists say Germany has to ditch coal if it's serious about climate change

By 2016, German emissions had fallen 28 percent compared to 1990. The German government has already admitted it's unlikely to meet the 2020 target, forecasting an emissions cut of 35 percent. But the new analysis suggests even this may be over-optimistic.

If things continue as they are, Germany will miss its 2020 target by 120 million tons of CO2, the think tank found. It blamed the miscalculation on lower-than-predicted oil and gas prices, and higher-than-assumed economic and population growth.

Time to quit coal?

Germany's system of feed-in tariffs for renewable power, introduced in 2000, has resulted in impressive growth of wind, solar and biomass energy. Renewables covered around a third of its electricty consumption last year.

Infografik Strommix in Deutschland 2016 ENG

But the country still relies heavily on coal - in particular lignite, a carbon-heavy fuel mined domestically. 

Environmentalists argue that only a rapid coal exit, along the lines of its nuclear phase out, will demonstrate that Germany is serious about combatting climate change.

Economic impact on Germany's coal-mining regions have so far prevented politicians from committing to a deadline for giving up the polluting fuel.

Responding to the Agora study, Sabine Minninger of Bread for the World said with world's poorest already suffering the impacts of climate change, its is irresponsible of Germany to miss its targets. 

Bangladesch Hochwasser in Dhaka

Environmentalists link the plight of those affected by extreme weather with Western economies' failure to cut emissions

She cited current flooding in Asia: "Without a coal exit, these disasters will increase unchecked," Minninger said in a statement.

Success may hang on election result

Germany's transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy has broad public support and the backing of all the major political parties. However, positions on how it should be implemented vary party to party.

Merkel is expected to remain chancellor after the election on September 24. But which party or parties will share power in the probable coalition with her conservative Christian Democratic Union remains to be seen. 

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Growth vs. environment

The so-called "Gold Finger" Ende Gelände group marches across a field against a backdrop of the Neurath and Frimmersdorf lignite power plants pumping smoke into the atmosphere.

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Donned in white

A protester wearing a mock hazmat suit and carrying a bag of hay prepares to set off from the Bedburg base. The march to the coal carrying rail line takes about three hours.

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Club wielding police

Protesters break through the first police blockade. "Many police behave well, others not so much," said Milan Schwarze, an Ende Gelände organizer. DW witnessed police hitting several protesters with batons at this first road blockade.

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Slogans

On their way to the rail lines, protesters were chanting slogans such as "We are unstoppable, another world is possible" and "Keep it, keep it in the ground, keep it, keep it in the ground."

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Decoalinization

Protesters came from Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Poland, the Czech Republic, Belgium, the United Kingdom and other European countries. Many had joined Ende Gelände protests in previous years.

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Contrasts

Protesters from the "Blue finger" Ende Gelände group march towards the Niederaussem coal-fired power plant, seen spewing out smoke in the distance.

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Scuffles

Protesters run past a line of police attempting to block them from crossing a potato field leading to the rail tracks.

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Outnumbered

Protesters scuttle across a potato field to escape police. Minutes later, they are met by a much larger police presence near the rail line.

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Injured

A protester lies on the ground after being hit by a baton wielding police in the leg. Another man calls for the medic team that accompanied Ende Gelände.

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Corralled

Police corral about 150 protesters who did not make onto the rail tracks. Activists then sat in the baking sun for several hours surrounded by police until they were herded onto buses and taken to a police holding center.

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Carried away one-by-one

Police carry a protester to a police bus. As an act of civil disobedience, many protesters refusing to go voluntarily to police buses were forcefully dragged away by police.

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Rail line

Three groups of protesters, each of about 70 people, block the rail line carrying lignite. The action lasted six hours until police were able to remove and transport the protesters.

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Parliamentary observers

Julia Verlinden, a member of the Bundestag for Green Party, observes protesters and police. The Left Party also sent parliamentary observers.

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Trains haul protesters away

Protesters on the tracks were taken away by a RWE railcar. Police said the protesters needed to be transported by railcar because it would be too dangerous to drag them down the steep embankment that they had climbed to reach the tracks.

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Civil disobedience

Police carry away a protester who refused to leave voluntarily. Many of the protesters on the tracks had to be carried away. This protester tactic slows down police and keeps the rail line closed longer.