Germany's migration agency taking longer to process asylum requests

The growing number of asylum requests in Germany has led to longer waits for applicants. A spokesperson for the Left party called the waiting periods "unacceptable" and "a great burden on integration."

People who sought asylum in Germany have to wait an increasingly long time to find out whether they will be allowed to stay, German media group Funke reported on Thursday, citing data released by the interior ministry.

Law and Justice | 23.02.2017

In 2016, asylum applicants had to wait 7.1 months on average to find out whether their request would be granted. In the previous year, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) only needed 5.2 months on average to process asylum paperwork. In the fourth quarter of 2016, the average waiting period was even longer – 8.1 months.

"This is completely unacceptable for the people affected and a great burden on integration," Ulla Jelpke, the Left party's spokeswoman on domestic policy, said. The data was collected in response to a parliamentary request by Jelpke and her party.

Long waits for Somalis, Turks, Russians

The number of people who had to wait significantly longer for a decision was also on the rise: in late 2016, close to 59,000 asylum seekers had been waiting more than a year and a half for a decision; in late 2015, it was only 46,000 people.

Ulla Jepke of the Left party called the waiting periods for asylum seekers 'unacceptable'

Longer waiting periods are likely due to a rise in the number of applicants. While the number of people who entered Germany seeking refuge in 2016 was lower than in the previous year, the number of asylum applications was still on the rise. That's because many people who arrived in 2015 made their applications in 2016. BAMF registered roughly 746,000 applicants in 2016, almost 270,000 more than in 2015. The agency is currently dealing with a backlog of some 430,000 unprocessed applications.

Upon taking up the leadership of BAMF earlier this year, Jutta Cordt described processing that backlog as a "challenge." 

The time BAMF needs to rule on an asylum request varies widely depending on the applicant's country of origin. People with the longest mean waiting period came from Somalia (17.3 months), Turkey (16.3 months) and Russia (15.6 months). Syrians - the largest group of asylum seekers in Germany- had to wait 3.8 months.

These numbers do not include the time the asylum seeker spends in Germany before filing their petition - on average 5.9 months last year. The average asylum applicant thus spends just over a year in Germany before finding out whether they'll be allowed to stay.

More minors rejected at border

The report from the interior ministry also revealed that close to 8,500 unaccompanied minors entered Germany seeking refuge in 2016. More than 600 were sent back by border police immediately. This stands in stark contrast to the previous year, when only 31 unaccompanied minors were rejected at the border.

The Left's Jelpke said the practice of sending back underage asylum seekers was a "scandal and completely irreconcilable with the request to prioritize the welfare of children in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child." 

Related Subjects

The German federal administration has recently tightened the rules for asylum seekers, making it harder to enter and seek asylum in Germany amid both growing resentment in some political and community spheres against refugees and migrants and protests against deportations. On Wednesday, Chancellor Angela Merkel's cabinet approved a package of measures that will accelerate the deportation of rejected asylum seekers. 

mb/se (AFP, dpa, KNA)

New arrivals fall, asylum requests soar in 2016

First-time applications in 2016

A total of 722,370 first-time applicants filed requests for political asylum in Germany in 2016, according to the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF). The number reflects a roughly 65 percent increase compared to the previous year, when the total number of new applications stood at 441,899.

New arrivals fall, asylum requests soar in 2016

Follow-up requests 33.3 percent lower

The number of follow-up applications, however, recorded a decline of 33.3 percent. In 2015, 34,750 second-chance asylum requests were filed with BAMF, whereas in 2016 the number fell to 23,175.

New arrivals fall, asylum requests soar in 2016

Total asylum requests 56 percent higher

Combined, the number of first-time and follow-up applications for 2016 stood at 745,545. In 2015, this number stood at 476,649. So, BAMF recorded a 56.4 percent net increase in the total number of asylum requests in 2016 compared with 2015.

New arrivals fall, asylum requests soar in 2016

Applications from Syrians, Afghans, Iraqis

The highest number of requests in 2016 were filed by Syrian nationals. According to BAMF’s report, people from the war-torn Middle Eastern state submitted 266,250 of the new applications (36.9 percent). Afghan nationals came in second, with 127,012 (17.6 percent), followed by Iraqis, who filed 96,116 asylum requests (13.3 percent) last year.

New arrivals fall, asylum requests soar in 2016

Other prominent countries of origin

People from Iran filed 26,426 applications (3.7 percent). Eritreans submitted 18,854 applications (2.6 percent). Albanians totaled 14,853 (2.1 percent), 14,484 people from Pakistan requested asylum (2 percent), and Nigerians submitted 12,709 applications (1.8 percent).

New arrivals fall, asylum requests soar in 2016

Young males make up majority of applicants

Nearly three-quarters of the applications filed in 2016 came from people younger than 30 years old. People aged between 18 and 25 filed 196,853 asylum requests, or about 23.5 percent of the overall total, making them the largest age group. The number of applications for children under the age of 4 stood at 78,192 (10.8 percent).

New arrivals fall, asylum requests soar in 2016

Almost 700,000 decisions reached in 2016

German authorities accepted 433,920 people of the 695,733 applications they decided on in 2016. The overall protection rate for all countries of origin amounted to 62.4 percent.

New arrivals fall, asylum requests soar in 2016

Crimes against refugee centers still high

Ranging from vandalism to arson, more than 900 attacks on refugee centers were recorded in Germany in 2016. The Federal Criminal Police Office reported that, out of the 921 recorded offenses, 857 were suspected to have had far-right motives. In 2015, 1,031 such offenses were recorded, 923 of which were suspected of having a far-right background.