Iceland, a mountainous island nation in the north Atlantic, is well-known for its dramatic landscapes. A country of stark contrasts, it has glaciers as well as volcanoes, hot spring and lava fields. The capital city is Reykjavik, where most of the population lives. The city runs on geothermal power. Under Danish rule for many years, the country achieved independence in 1918, becoming a republic in 1944. The Icelandic language is decended from Old Norse. Here you can find an automatic compilation of all DW content on Iceland.