Nazanin Ratcliffe: a political prisoner?

British-Iranian aid worker Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe was arrested one year ago as she tried to leave Iran after a visit to her family. She is still in prison. Her husband tells DW this is a political case.

DW: Your wife Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe has been in prison since April 2016. Do you know what the charges are?

Richard Ratcliffe: Nazanin was preparing to fly back to the UK after an annual trip to visit her family in Iran when Revolutionary Guards agents arrested her on April 3, 2016. Our two-year-old daughter Gabriella, who was traveling with her, was put in the care of her grandparents. They said in the media she is accused of national security-related issues, but the official charges against her were not made public. After months of uncertainty, they issued a five-year prison sentence in September.

Law and Justice | 23.04.2018

Did they present any facts?

It is still a bit secret. Honestly, I think Nazanin hasn't ever seen her charges. But her lawyer was giving us a copy which he is not allowed to share with me. He has been allowed to show it to her family once but not to give it to them. She is accused of being a member of an organization against the national security. But she works for Thomson Reuters Foundation, the news agency's charity organization.

And a court in Iran has rejected an appeal against the five-year prison sentence. Do you know anything more?

My wife's appeal was dismissed in a secret hearing of an Iranian Revolutionary Court on January 4, which was announced on January 22. The precise charges against her remain secret, but two new accusations were made at her appeal. One was that she had been head of recruitment for the BBC's Farsi service when it was launched in 2009, which is not true. Many years ago, she worked on a BBC training project for youth in Afghanistan and Iran, but she never worked for BBC Farsi. And the other charge was that she was married to a British spy. 

Nazanin Zaghari Iran

Richard Ratcliff with his wife and daughter

Do you think this is a political case?

They have told my wife and her family this was not a normal case. Regularly, there have been signals, messages sent to us. Clearly, this is a political case.

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Your wife holds dual UK-Iranian citizenship. Iran does not recognize dual nationalities, which means that those detained cannot receive consular assistance. But did you get any support from the British government?

The British government has not yet managed to visit her. They have visited Gabriella, our daughter, in Tehran. But not Nazanin. They said they asked the Iranian Government, but the Iranian Government would not allow it.

When did you last talk to Nazanin? 

The last time I talked to Nazanin was on February 18, about six weeks ago. Back then, she was quite ill, she was taken to a hospital. Since then, her health has gone up and down. She has a problem with her neck, her back, her shoulder, and also panic attacks. The prosecutor's office has told the family that it is waiting for a judge to approve hospital admission. 

She is in the same prison as some prominent political activists. What kind of support does she receive from them?

Now she is much better. The day after Christmas, she was moved from solitary confinement to the general prison. And there are really some amazing people in this prison, who have been going through the same experience - such as some human rights activists, some journalists, other foreigners, including a lady from America and one from Britain. She is with a number of women, having that company is very important. They got to talk about their hopes, their dreams and their families - and their worries, of course. 

What kind of help do you expect for your wife?  

On April 2, we'll come together with friends and supporters in a north London park near our home on the eve of the anniversary to launch the yellow ribbon "One Day Tree" campaign. We will tie yellow ribbons to trees in the park, attaching messages from Nazanin and other female prisoners held in Evin Prison, as well as from supporters of the "Free Nazanin" campaign. One of the things that are hard for people when they leave prison is that they are so isolated. They have to rebuild their spirit for life. The "One Day Tree" campaign urges people to post messages of what a prisoner might do on the first day of freedom on the#FreeNazanin petition website. Maybe she will be released tomorrow.


Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe

An employee of the Thomson Reuters Foundation, she has been in jail since April, 2016. She has both British and Iranian citizenship, and wanted to visit family in Iran with her two-year-old daughter. She is accused of participating in efforts "to cause the soft toppling of the Islamic Republic." Her foundation, which educates journalists worldwide, has called the allegations groundless.


Zahra Rahnavard

Zahra Rahnavard, wife of opposition politician Mir Hossein Mousavi, is perhaps the most well-known of Iran's female political prisoners. After the disputed presidential elections in 2009, she backed her husband. The sculptor and academic has been under house arrest with her husband since February 2011 without charges.


Narges Mohammadi

Narges Mohammadi is a human rights activist. In May, 2016 she was sentenced to 16 years in prison, although her work is seen as peaceful. At the end of June, she began a hunger strike after authorities restricted telephone contact with her young son and daughter. After 20 days on hunger strike, she was granted permission to speak once a week with her children.


Homa Hoodfar

The Canadan-Irish-Iranian anthropologist Homa Hoodfar has been jailed at Tehran's Evin Prison since June 6, 2016. The renowned academic was arrested during a private visit to Iran. She had planned to research women in Iranian politics. She was accused of creating security problems in the Islamic Republic by taking part in feminist activities.


Bahareh Hedayat

Bahareh Hedayat is a women's rights activist and prominent figure in the student movement in Iran. In 2010, shortly before her wedding, she was arrested and ultimately sentenced to 10 years in prison. She was head of an organization fighting for political reforms and against human rights violations.


Reyhaneh Tabatabaei

The political journalist has been arrested many times, most recently in January 2016. Reyhaneh Tabatabaei was accused of "propaganda against the state." She supported reform activists. Tabatabaei was sentenced to a year in prison and was handed a two-year employment ban. The Revolutionary Court also prohibited her from participating in any political activities for two years.


Fariba Kamalabadi

After eight years behind bars, Fariba Kamalabadi (third from right) was granted temporary release in May. Until 2008, she was one of Iran's leading Baha'i figures. She was sentenced to 20 years for her religious beliefs. While on release she visited Faezeh Hashemi, daughter of former president Ali Akbar Rafsanjani. Several grand ayatollahs denounced the visit as a "betrayal of Islam."